Volume 13, Issue 32 (autumn and winter 2018)                   goljaam 2018, 13(32): 135-144 | Back to browse issues page

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RAHMANI A. Mafrash Weaving among the Qashqai Tribe (Emphasizing the Weaving Structure). goljaam 2018; 13 (32) :135-144
URL: http://goljaam.icsa.ir/article-1-229-en.html
Shiraz University, Faculty of Art & Architecture
Abstract:   (5639 Views)

Qashqai tribe is from the southern states of the country that the main profession of livestock and their women to be engaged in weaving. Depending on their nomadic life, some container weaving such as “mafrash” (bedding bag), saddlebag, “chante” (small bag), “joval” (storing sack), “tobre” (bag), “gashiglig” (bag for spoon) and “duzlug” (bag for salt) are woven by them. Among these weavings, mafrash is a biggest in which only three-dimensional woven kilim, jajim and bedspreads can be placed. All used motifs are geometric and abstract. In terms of design composition; horizontal panel and diagonal can be seen. Mafrash is woven with “supplementary alternative weft” technique. Regarding heddling and weaving; they are divided into two groups that so called “new technique and old technique”. Research method is descriptive. The data obtained through library and field research visits to Shiraz, Firoozabad, Farashband tribes and villages. The results of the field research are based on a survey of 45 pieces; 5 pieces from Shiraz, 7 pieces from Firoozabad nomads, 5 pieces from Farashband nomads, 20 pieces from Firoozabad, 6 pieces from  Jahadabad, 2 pieces from morjshahrak are  researched and analyzed. 

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Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2016/09/27 | Accepted: 2018/01/12 | Published: 2018/06/28

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