Volume 9, Issue 24 (3-2014)                   goljaam 2014, 9(24): 97-124 | Back to browse issues page

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mirzaamini S M M, Shahparvari M R. Studying the Nature and Origin of Hunting (Shekar) Motifon Safavid Carpets. goljaam 2014; 9 (24) :97-124
URL: http://goljaam.icsa.ir/article-1-497-en.html
1- University of Kashan
2- Tabriz Islamic Art University
Abstract:   (6207 Views)
Hunting is a familiar phenomenon for human being, and appearance of “Hunting Motif” on the carpets in Iran, according to the remaining documents, can be dated back to the Safavid era,i.e. the Golden Age of Iranian Carpet. In this period, carpet-weaving elevated to the degree of excellent royal art, and carpet became a luxury, decorative and even commercial commodity. The nature and origin of the “Hunting Motif” can be mainly attributed to two main, and of course different, facts: reflection of lyrical royal image within royal hunting grounds and saber-rattling of the kings on the carpet, and expression of mythical and mystic meaning of hunting. Moreover, according to this research, mystic and symbolic concepts can be considered as the main reason of appearance this motif in Safavid carpets.That is because motifs of carpet have always reflected the safe “Garden of Heaven” for Iranian People, thus how can one find a reason for presence of the hunting motif, which reminds the violence, on the carpets? This paper provides an analysis and proposes a solution. Findings show that although there is a meaningful connection between saber-rattling and hunting motif in carpets, however, regarding the intent of the designer for presenting an image beyond the ordinary and terrestrial image, and modulation of hunting motif with symbolic elements such as angles, Simurgh (phoenix), lion and some animals with small wings and emphasis on the Gereft-o Gir motif and hunting of cow by lion, it can certainly be said that this motif speaks louder than a common royal entertainment, although with some exceptions. From a different perspective, this research can be regarded as a research of symbolism and semiotics of carpet design using non-decorative elements, which can play an important role for perception of the spiritual concept of carpet, and consequently, contemporary carpets will be understood as more spiritual works. This paper has analyzed eight samples of Safavid carpets (containing hunting motif) using analytical and descriptive method through desk study
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Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2018/02/27 | Accepted: 2018/02/27 | Published: 2018/02/27

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