Volume 6, Issue 15 (6-2010)                   goljaam 2010, 6(15): 103-126 | Back to browse issues page

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Rahbarnia Z, poryazdanpanah B. An analysis of Pattern and Border Frame in Afshar Carpets With Georg Simmel's Approach & Reflection Theory. goljaam 2010; 6 (15) :103-126
URL: http://goljaam.icsa.ir/article-1-437-en.html
1- Department of Research in Arts, Faculty of Arts, Alzahra University
2- Faculty of Arts, Alzahra University
Abstract:   (4676 Views)
Much has been written about aesthetics in carpet weaving art, particularly tribal and village carpet weaving, discussing various aspects such as symbolism and naturalism. Yet, the relation between art and sociology is propounded in a different manner by the German sociologist, Georg Simmel. With a different view on society and artwork, he believes that the origin of all principles of aesthetics resides in the principle of "symmetry", and that this tendency towards symmetry correlates to the type of society administration. The present paper investigates that whether types of administrations of the tribal society affect harmony and symmetrical designs of their carpet weaving. Descriptive and analytical methods, documentary and library tools, data gathering and theoretical interpretation are used in this research. Kerman Afshari tribe and the patterns of their rugs are taken as sample to be studied in the light of Georg Simmel's theories, particularly the Forms Theory. Overall, Simmel's aesthetic and sociology approaches may be applied to the art and society of Iran. Tribal carpets in their genuine form have symmetry and order, whereas the basic characteristic of the modern era is liberalism and individualism, which lead art to asymmetry and disharmony. The objective example of this characteristic is seen in modern carpets, which totally modifies the traditional carpet aesthetics. Although, there are examples of rural and tribal societies which are integrated and coordinated, it is the reflection of this form of society that has caused order and symmetry to be the basis of tribal carpet aesthetics, where the frame (i.e., the carpet border) is still the required basis and infrastructure. 
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Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2018/02/26 | Accepted: 2018/02/26 | Published: 2018/02/26

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