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Volume 9, Issue 23 (9-2013)                   goljaam 2013, 9(23): 29-44 | Back to browse issues page

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Kateb M. Identifying and Prioritizing Effective Factors on Carpet Exporting Small and Medium Enterprises (SME,s). goljaam. 2013; 9 (23) :29-44
URL: http://goljaam.icsa.ir/article-1-489-en.html
Islamic Azad University - Central Tehran branch
Abstract:   (397 Views)
The role of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in economy and in creating jobs in developing countries is an important parameter, and other important parameters in this field include investigating their economic situation and profitability in order for survival and creating value for customers. Whereas small and medium enterprises which work on sale of Iranian handmade carpets,as the exclusive product with international brand and national position,can benefit from handicraft expertsand human resources,and use domestic resources to answer domestic demand, as well as many customers around the world.Nevertheless,the export of this product has decreased comparing other domestic products, but still experts and active participants in this industry antedate from other domestic and foreign rivals and are successful in development and growth of this product. Identifying effective methods for growth of small and medium enterprises in carpet industry in international economyand the related indicators can be profitable for other active participants and stakeholders, whether in private and corporation sectorsor for planners and policy-makers in this section. This study seeks to answer the question thatwhat elements, despite decreasing exports of carpet, have caused the growth of small and medium Enterprises (SMEs) in carpet export sector. Identifying and prioritizing such parameters are the results of this case study. The geographic scope of this study is the exporters of handmade carpet and during 2013. The research methodology is descriptive-correlativeone and research population include all exporters of handmade carpet which earn over 1 million dollars annually. Data collection was conducted using a questionnaire that was prepared according to review of literature. Dependent variable in this research was growth of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) of carpet industry in international economy, which can illustrate the sales scale, increment and exporting the stuff (MacMillan and Day, 1987) and independent variables include ability and capacities, demands (causes and activators of growth), resources, seasons and manager and service’s owner personal characteristics (Davidson, et al. 2006). Results illustrate that there is a positive correlation between variables of demands and seasons in range of 99 percent to growth of producing services and commercial services of export of handmade carpet.The aim of this research is studying effective factors on the growth of carpet export in Iranian small and medium enterprises (SMEs). The research design is based on correlation. Instrument validity was established by a panel of experts and its reliability was confirmed by filling out 30 questionnaires. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was calculated for different parts between from 0.75 to 0.84. The statistical population was 124 carpet exporters that during ten past years(2001-2011) exported more than one million dollar. Due to their small numbers,census method was used for data collection. The descriptive results of the research indicated that the average amount of carpet export among Iranian SMEs was 4.5 million dollars. Another result showed that there was positive correlation between demands and opportunities facing these SMEs with their growth. The results of the bivariate regression revealed that 38.4% of variation of SMEs’ growth stemmed from these two factors (between demands and opportunities facing these SMEs).
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Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2018/02/26 | Accepted: 2018/02/26 | Published: 2018/02/26

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