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Volume 12, Issue 30 (autumn and winter 2017)                   goljaam 2017, 12(30): 23-46 | Back to browse issues page

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Nikouei A, Mazaheri M. Comparison Study of the Role of Politics in Iran’s and Occupied Palestine Territories’ Art in Two Recent Centuries (Case Study: Jewish Rugs). goljaam. 2017; 12 (30) :23-46
URL: http://goljaam.icsa.ir/article-1-174-en.html
1- MA of Handicraft Alzahra University of Tehran
2- Phd of Art History Alzahra University of Tehran
Abstract:   (1436 Views)

Emigrating Jews to Iran and other countries, known for handmade rugs craft, caused penetrating their beliefs into those countries’ traditional artifacts and also developing Jewish rugs. According to ostensible characteristics, Jewish rugs are ones which contain Judaic signs or Jewish Merchants’ signatures. Since 1850 Jewish rugs have been produced in main cities of Iran, e.g. Kashan, Tabriz and Kerman. In fact, they were the result of combination of Judaic patterns and the rich Iranian rug craft. Occupying Palestine and emigrating Jews from all over the word, their experience of rug art and also Alliance Israelite schools helped Jews to prepare a fabricated cultural identity through producing new artifacts for their new society. Analyzing and Comparing five more abundant Jewish rugs of Iran and Occupied Palestine, semiotically and considering historical background, showed that the difference between motivations and territorial background has made their products various. Iranian cases have been faithful to the rug tradition and its aesthetic, considering workmanship and financial goals, but the cases of Occupied Palestine, Politic aims behind religious patterns and signs, have been prior than other values.

Full-Text [PDF 5342 kb]   (324 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2015/12/4 | Accepted: 2017/06/10 | Published: 2017/06/10

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